Neurology is a medical area of expertise that deals with nervous system disorders. Specifically, neurology as a specialization and related neurological care deals with the treatment and diagnosis of all types of diseases involving the peripheral and central nervous system or equally, the somatic and autonomic nervous systems as well as their muscle, effector tissues, blood vessels, and coverings.
A neurologist is the physician whose specialty is neurology and the one who diagnoses, investigates and treats neurological disorders. Most translational and basic research, clinical trials, and clinical research is usually done by neurologists. Neurology is a non-surgical process but its corresponding surgical equivalent is known as neurosurgery. While neurology is a branch of medicine, neuroscience is the scientific study of all the manifestations and aspects of the nervous system. So many neurological disorders today are well described, including those that affect the spinal cord or brain within the central, autonomic, and peripheral nervous systems.
Before neurological care is formulated or given, a neurological examination is important. The neurologist usually analyzes the health history of the patient while paying close attention to the condition as it currently is. Next, the patient goes through a neurological examination that tests the state of mind, cranial nerves function including vision, sensation, reflexes, coordination and strength. The information gives the neurologists a better chance to determine the clinical localization and if the current problem is in the nervous system. Differential diagnosis is developed by neurologists through the important process of pathology localization. To confirm a specific diagnosis, appropriate neurological care and management as well as guiding therapy, further tests might be called upon.
Neurological care usually relates to those afflicted by physical deterioration within the nervous system mostly affecting brain functioning and movement. This care also applies to those patients with what is referred to as acquired neurological situations, especially an injury or stroke that leads to brain injury. Care is provided by extensive high skilled groups of experts dedicated to the treatment and diagnosis of conditions such as neurodegenerative diseases, epilepsy, movement problems or disorders, stroke and multiple sclerosis that affect the nervous system and the brain.
In case of complex neurological conditions requiring intricate neurological care, professional teams derived from multiple areas in medicine are brought together, such as neurosurgeons, neurologists, rehabilitation providers and neuro-radiologists. In such a team approach to neurological complications care the most comprehensive treatment is developed to make sure the condition is dealt with efficiently.
Comprehensive neurological care understands that neurological conditions portend unique challenges for all the victims and their families. In turn, support services are usually provided to address each patient’s individual needs, from pain management, rehabilitation to counseling. Those with long-term and complex conditions of neurology are offered a huge number of services in most neurological centers helping them to live independently and make their own choices.
The care centers also help with cognitive and behavior abilities, mobility and movement, personal care, drinking and eating. Neurological care might also include the use of such specialists as physiotherapies, dietitians, doctors, occupational therapists, language and speech therapists.
Cosmetic neurology has also emerged and highlights the possibility of therapies in enhancing overall happiness, school attention and even workplace efficacy.